Monday, November 28, 2011

Are internships/externships State-regulated?

The representatives for the following areas said YES:

California - For instance, in California the salon / spa must have 4 employees or a combination of employees and commissioned individuals.  Booth rent salons are excluded. We can only offer 8 hours of course credit per week, therefore when a student goes on a weeklong extern program, they only receive 8 hours for the week.

Illinois- The internship program in Illinois is an optional part of the Cosmetology, Esthetic and Nail Technology curriculum. Each licensed Cosmetology, Esthetic or Nail Technology school may choose an internship program and follow the guidelines. Each internship program may be no more than 10% of the total course. Example: 150 hrs. for 1500 hr. Cosmetology Program, 75 hrs. for 750 hr. Esthetic program and 35 hrs. for 350 hr. Nail Technology program. Cosmetology students may participate in an internship program only after completing 750 hours of training with a minimum average grade of 80%. Esthetic students may participate in an internship program only after completing 375 hours of training and have a minimum average grade of 80%. Nail Technology students may participate in an internship program only after completing 175 hours of training and have a minimum average grade of 80%. Schools may set the average grade higher and set additional standards that a student must meet to participate in the internship program.

Iowa - Iowa allows for a mentoring program for cosmetology students. The students must be under the supervision of a licensed cosmetologist, but the student can get hours while still in school under this provision (5% or 105 hours for Iowa) The student must complete 50% of the course before mentoring.

Maryland - Maryland does not require Private Career Schools to have internship programs.  Students enrolled in H.S. Cosmetology programs are required to intern in the salon.  The school does not require the interns to be paid, that would be between the salon and the student.  The student brings in a form for the salon manager to fill out to verify that they have completed the necessary hours.  The student is required to complete 125hrs in salon.

New Jersey - NJ has a program whereby students can apply for temporary work permits once they have completed half their program in any discipline. However, they may not receive any credit for hours in school and still must complete the remainder of their program. The permit is valid when the student is not scheduled to be in class and the school keeps a copy and tracks where and when the student is working. It greatly enhances placement activity but sometimes results in student choosing to work instead of attend class and conflicts do arise. If controlled properly it works quite well, providing salons with entry level workers who usually stay on full time once they graduate. Students gain actual salon experience while the school can monitor what they are experiencing in the salon and whether the salon is a good candidate for future graduates, referrals for enrollment and service on advisory committees.

New Mexico - The State of New Mexico does regulate an Externship Program--A student must successfully complete 50% of their enrolled program and pass a written and practical exam establishing them qualified to assist in a licensed salon. They may only work in a licensed salon a maximum of 8 hours per week. There are no minimums on how many stylists must be employed in the salon and no additional insurance is required. Additional information can be found on their website under laws and rules

Ohio - The School, Salon, and Student must have a signed "internship training agreement" and "training plan" on file with the State Board of Cosmetology. Student internship program is limited to a maximum of ten percent of course hours. Student interns shall be in a NON-PAY status only. Student shall have completed at least fifty percent of their base license course before they can participate. (Interns with less than seventy percent of their program shall not provide chemical services). Salons shall have a managing cosmetologist who has five years of experience or at least one other licensee with five years of experience or more when an intern is present. To have more than one intern present the salon shall have one matching licensee present for each intern. Schools may participate in the internship program at their sole discretion. Schools may direct and set limits on total hours and days of the week. The state does not require any additional insurance for the internship. In most cases the student is not covered under the school's professional liability insurance coverage. Therefore, the Salon and Student must accept this liability while in the salon setting. For this reason some schools and salons choose not to participate in the internship program.

Utah - Cosmetology students have the ability to intern/extern in a Salon once they have reached 1000 hours of education (mid point). They do not receive credit towards graduation. The Salon owner may pay the intern; however it is not a requirement. There is a contract between School/Salon/Student-Intern; grades must be consistent with contract requirement which the school sets. Student cannot be absent from school in order to be at salon.

Washington - Very relaxed laws. For the externship to take place, there needs to be a signed agreement between the school, student and the salon and there has to be a licensed professional overseeing the student. The student cannot be paid. A maximum of 10% of the state requirement's hours can be attained in the externship. Example: 1600 Cosmo Program--The student can gain 160 hours in a salon. The agreement must be approved by the state.

Wisconsin - Here is what I got from my source at the state on how this is handled in Wisconsin.  10% of the students overall hours here would be 180 hours.

The representatives for the following areas said NO:


Idaho - Idaho does not allow externships. All must be fully licensed to work in a salon.


New York
North Dakota
Rhode Island
South Carolina


The representatives for the following areas did not respond (or we are still gathering information):


New Hampshire
Puerto Rico
South Dakota

Overall Summary: Yes = 10    No = 19    Did not Respond = 20

There are no representatives for the following areas:

North Carolina

West Virginia

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